The New World Order

When it comes to countries and bilateral alliances, there are two broad categories.
  One is region, culture, proximity-based. Think ASEAN—Association of Southeast Asian Nations—and the European Union, or EU.
The other is based on world events and similar political or socio-economic goals. Like BRICS—the association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa—or NAM, the “Non-Aligned Movement” of countries that refused to join any power bloc during the Cold War.
Then there’s the third category now. A potential Covid-survivors alliance. Though not all countries in this motley crew necessarily see eye-to-eye. Yet.
So far, there’s:
  Australia – New Zealand China – South Korea South Korea – Vietnam
What these countries have in common is that they’re either handling Covid effectively, have flattened the now-famous curve, or prevented a widespread outbreak. And that they’re all looking to build safe passages or “travel/trade bubbles” for business and economies to flourish.
A POV in The Economic Times looked into this phenomenon and noted how it could turn the world less globalised and more ‘gated’:
To balance China’s global ambitions, nations may opt to trade with geographies and nations where political trust exists, thereby fragmenting supply chains. Governments will ‘gate-keep’ flows of goods, services, finance and labour when national strategic interests are at stake. Indeed, we should be ready for a new phase of ‘gated globalisation’. Even as the recovery and progress of the post-Covid-19 world will be worse for it. View: Nations may opt to trade with economies where political trust exists, thereby fragmenting supply chains, The Economic Times
Welcome to the new world order. You scratch my back, I scratch yours, and together, we try to revive industries that were on the verge of collapse.
  In an earlier edition of BFO, we alluded to the concept of ‘Covid passports’—a class of people being granted special freedoms since they carried the highly-coveted Covid antibodies. This, of course, has led to a black market of fake antibody certificates, and worse.
Today, though, we’re talking about literal passport-like nods granted on the basis of Covid safety. 
340 South Korean business travellers from 143 companies were allowed into Vietnam with special entry permits that exempted them from the Covid travel ban on 29 April
This was the largest group of travellers from Korea accepted by Vietnam in a single day since its national lockdown began.  

The Koreans departed on two Korean Air chartered flights at 9 a.m. and 1 p.m. from Incheon International Airport to Van Don International Airport in Vietnam’s Quang Ninh Province, according to the Korean Ministry of Foreign Affairs. They work for 127 small- and medium-sized companies, nine large conglomerates and the finance and public sectors.
On Feb. 29, Vietnam suspended visa-free entry for Koreans. Starting March 22, it has blocked the entry of all foreigners to the country. Since the beginning of April, Vietnam has blocked all foreign air carriers.  
However, Seoul has negotiated with Hanoi to allow special permits for Korean businesspeople to enter the country.  
Vietnam has previously granted case-by-case permits for groups of businesspeople from large Korean conglomerates like Samsung Display and LG Electronics. 340 Korean business travelers allowed into Vietnam, Korea JoongAng Daily
Apart from actual trade itself, this arrangement is a shot in the arm both for struggling airlines, which have seen most of their fleets grounded, and hotels, which are reeling due to travel restrictions.
  Vietnam isn’t the only country opening up to South Korea. As of 1 May, it’s also the only country China has opened up to for business travel.
The new arrangement with South Korea is China’s first such formal bilateral agreement, according to the statement, and comes as Beijing presses other countries for similar reciprocity as the number of coronavirus cases has dwindled in some parts of the world. Beijing will soon establish a fast-track system for foreign visitors with urgent purposes, the European Union Chamber of Commerce said.

Under the new system, South Korean business travelers will need to receive an invitation from a China-based company to visit the country, screen their own health for two weeks and get tested for the virus 72 hours before departure, South Korea’s foreign ministry said. China eases border controls for business travel with South Korea, MSN
Beijing seems keen to hit the factory reset button on business, and it isn’t hard to see why. Multiple countries are looking to reduce their dependence on China:
  The Trump administration in the US is actively pushing to remove global industrial supply chains linked to China. 
  India has offered 461,589 hectares of land to companies looking to move out of China. 
  And Australia stands accused of joining the US in a “political campaign against China”.
  As for Australia, it’s got a friendly neighbour. New Zealand Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern discussed a “trans-Tasman travel bubble” with Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison this week. The idea is to safely open up their economies to each other.
Mr Morrison said a “safe travel zone” with New Zealand had been discussed in recent weeks but it was “some time away”.

He said he expected New Zealand would be the first country Australia would open its borders to. Coronavirus-safe travel bubble between Australia and New Zealand unlikely in immediate term, ABC Australia
Once the two countries open up their borders for trade, New Zealand has an awful lot to gain.
  To quote New Zealand’s government website:
Australia is our biggest services trade partner. 21% of all our services exports are to Australia ($NZ 3.8 billion) and services imports from Australia make up 29.4% (NZ$5.1 billion) of all our service imports.
Foreign direct investment between New Zealand and Australia was almost NZ$66 billion as at March 2017. Australia is our top destination for overseas investment. New Zealand had direct investment stocks of NZ$12.6 billion in Australia as at March 2017. Australia is the largest source of foreign direct investment in New Zealand, at NZ$53 billion.
Not just that. Tourism is NZ’s biggest export industry, contributing 21% of foreign exchange earnings. And its ski season opens in a month. If Ardern pulls off this deal with Australia, New Zealand could well be one of the first economies on the road to recovery.
Reverse engineering loyalty

The concept of ‘customer loyalty’ has been decimated over the last digital decade.
Well, not exactly decimated, but transferred to aggregators and inextricably linked to plum discounts on the platform. Loyalty was bought, rather than invoked. Restaurants and hotels had to partner with aggregators, or risk losing business in a new type of loyalty regime—partial to cold, hard bargains.
What restaurants originally espoused was a type of “emotional loyalty”, which was only partly driven by discounts. The concept is archaic now. Personalisation is left up to a bot, not a human handshake. But emotional loyalty can have a more sustainable impact, says customer experience expert Don Peppers:
Quote If you’re trying to improve customer loyalty at your company, you shouldn’t think of customer churn as a disease, but as the symptom of a disease, like a fever. When fever symptoms are severe enough, the doctor will want to treat the fever immediately and directly, and reactive churn prevention is like providing a cold washcloth to help cool a feverish patient. But the doctor also knows that the only long-term solution to reducing a fever is to administer medicine or therapy to help cure the underlying disease causing the fever (proactive churn reduction).
  So think of the behavioral dis-loyalty of your customers as a fever affecting your company, while the actual disease causing this fever is their emotional dis-loyalty, probably caused by a faulty customer experience, marked by friction and the absence of any genuine human connection. Don Peppers, Customer Experience Expert
The death of the bargain
  With Covid, all previous trade-offs between emotional and behavioral loyalties are off. Discounts—by aggregators—are on hold. No one’s making plans to go anywhere. So what sticks?
Emotional loyalty.
Restaurants and hotels are now trying to pilot a new type of pull tactic—pay now, buy later. The National Restaurant Association of India’s Rise4Restaurants scheme asks customers to buy discount vouchers now to redeem at restaurants when they reopen. It still uses the bait of a one-time 25% discount, but effectively the scheme has inverted the logic of “Buy now, pay later”. And with it, the idea that customer loyalty will continue to be driven by discounts, not emotion.
An interesting scheme, Rise4Restaurants puts a customer’s true emotional loyalty to test. Will you come back when we open up? Do you trust us? In this case, the discount is just a garnish. This type of emotional loyalty begs the question: do you value the brand or the discount?
  Hotels, in a similar vein, have launched their own deferred loyalty test.
The platform called allows guests to buy their preferred hotel’s credit voucher worth Rs 15,000 at Rs 10,000, which can be used at a later date… Since the creation of the platform, some 150 hotels have come on board and another 300 are expected to join shortly…These include mid-size, luxury to upscale boutique luxury properties. Hotels offer incentives to tide over Covid-19, Business Standard
In effect, a one-time 25% discount or Rs 5,000-off ($66) aren’t huge discounts. Emotional loyalty cashes in on the patrons’ connection with the brand and their willingness to see the brands survive.
The Rules of Rewards
  Some of the best examples of building customer loyalty through value sharing can be found in traditional small businesses. For many years, successful neighborhood merchants and restaurateurs have understood intuitively the broader strategic purpose behind an effective rewards program. Such businesspeople make it a point to get to know their best customers personally and often reward them with special services and attention—notifying them when sought-after merchandise arrives, for example, or giving them a free drink or a special dessert. They know that delivering increased value to profitable customers turns them into loyal customers; and that loyal customers become even more profitable over time. Do Rewards Really Create Loyalty? Harvard Business Review
An altered post-Covid trajectory for Ola, Uber


After more than a month of idling their engines, cab aggregators raced out of the blocks as soon as the Indian government gave the signal ro restart operation. Ola and Uber taxis are allowed to ply in the country’s green and orange zones, with restrictions and adequate social distancing practices. 
But, red zones, as decided by the Centre rather than the State, are off limits. These include the metros of Delhi, Mumbai, and Bengaluru. So, while Ola has resumed in over 100 cities and Uber in 25 cities, these are mostly the Tier 2 and Tier 3 cities.
Day one did not go so well, even in a large city like Gurugram, as users stayed away and only a fraction of drivers logged onto these platforms. Also travel routes have become unpredictable since once has to navigate around red, green, and orange zones in a city. Cab drivers will be asking themselves whether it is even worth the bother.
But it’s the smaller cities that represent a gold mine for Ola and Uber. These are markets they have long struggled to penetrate in the way they’ve cracked the major metros. Ola’s outstation service grew 2X thanks to Tier 2 cities and Uber is expanding from 50 to about 200 cities, most of which are classified as Tier 2 and Tier 3. While they wait for the green light to restart in metros, Uber and Ola can use the time to boost their penetration in these cities. All they must do is take the right turn. 
Serving time in the time of Covid
“Is it safe to sit on a toilet that 200 people in my dorm share?” That’s not a question from an online forum for college students. It’s part of a list of FAQs on how to survive Covid-19 in prison, published by The Marshall Project, an American non-profit news website that reports extensively on criminal justice. (If you didn’t click on the link, the short answer to the question: yes.)
While those the guide is meant for may not have access to the internet, potential outbreaks in large prisons are a problem that can hardly be ignored. Particularly when these facilities in 125 countries are filled above capacity, according to the World Prison Brief. The prison occupancy rate is more than 200% in 23 nations. (The figure is just below 100% for the US and 118% for India.) This, of course, just complicates containment efforts.
If an institution is already operating at far beyond its capacity, it is going to be very difficult to find areas where prisoners with suspected Covid-19 can be isolated.  Prisons are “in no way equipped” to deal with COVID-19, The Lancet
So it’s a no-brainer for inmates jailed for minor crimes to be set free, as New York has done, or for some prisoners to be temporarily released, as recommended by the Indian Supreme Court. In March, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh agreed to release 11,000 and 8,000 prisoners on parole or bail, respectively.
  With 2.1 million inmates, the US has the world’s largest prison population, and India, with 466,000 prisoners, stands fifth. Other countries, like Iran, France and Italy, have also released prisoners. 
Governments around the world will be in the unenviable position of having to decide what to do when it’s time for these inmates to return to their cells. Is building more prisons, which are hardly known for their healthcare, the way ahead to keep people locked up while sticking to social distancing norms? High prison-occupancy rates can mostly be found, not surprisingly, in low- and middle-income countries, which cannot afford to expand their prison network. 
An alternative is to grant pardons to those booked under certain crimes, elderly inmates, and those who have already served a certain number of years in prison. But is there maybe a lasting change in the offing, with judges not handing out prison sentences as freely as before?
Animal farm

Farms across the US are reeling from the shutdowns in the meat-processing industry.
According to one estimate, if pigs are not shipped off to meat packing plants within five days, there are about 1 million “excess hogs” that farmers have to deal with. 
Left without much choice, farmers are now planning to euthanise pigs, instead of losing them to disease or predators. Chickens are in the firing line too.
This move isn’t without precedent. In 2015 when the Avian Flu broke out, 31 million birds were euthanised. Back then, though, at least they were seen as potential carriers. 

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